About Godda

Godda in Jharkhand state of India is a municipal town and functions as the district headquarters of Godda district. A serene town having an area of nearly 2110 km², it is known for its environment with abundant natural beauty. The city is a parliamentary constituency and falls under the Santhal Pargana Division. The city has a number of tourist places like Yogini Shakti Peeth, Basantrai, Sundar Dam, Mullers Tank, Ratneswar Dham, which attract hundreds of tourists every year to this place. Another must visit place is the Lalmatia Mines which hold the distinction of being the largest open mines in Asia. Khajjiar Bridge & Gulzar Bagh are the two other major tourist destinations of the area. Reaching Godda is not a problem due to the presence of flights, buses, trains and other means of local transportation. So one can easily plan a short trip to this place and enjoy a welcome break from the daily hassles of life.

About Godda
Mata Yogini Mandir

Brief History of Godda

As early as the year 1855, Godda had been a sub-division of Santhal Pargana, and has been an important part of Indian history. Though much historical evidence is not available about this district but due to the findings of stone weapons and agricultural tools such as axes, hammers, arrow-leads here depict that the region has witnessed the stone age and early Vedic age. As per historical evidence the area was under the Pal rule who were the great patrons of Buddhism. During the period of Turko-Afghan rule and under the administration of Shershah Suri and his heirs, the area played a key role in gaining possession over Bengal. When the Muslims came into power Godda region was offered as a Jagir to Mugal Emperor Akbar to the Governor Raja Mansingh. But in the year 1717, Britishers gained control over the area; they exploited the Santhal tribe who inhabitated the Santhal Pargana region. In 1855 the tribal people fed up by the cruelty of the British rule revolted against the Britishers; the rebellion was known as '' Hul ''. This revolt was very strong and forced the Britishers to accord the status of district to Santhal Pargana region thus separating it from Bhagalpur & Birbhum regions. This step was taken to preserve the culture & socio- economic traditions of the aboriginals and primitive tribes. After gaining independence the Godda became part of an undivided Santhal Pargana district and remained so until 1981. It was the 55th district of Bihar but after the formation of Jharkhand it became one of the 18 districts of newly formed state. A separate Godda District was formed on 25th May 1983, and has been making consistent progress since then in all areas.

Geography & Climate of Godda

Geography of GoddaGodda is nearly 350 Kms away from the capital city of Ranchi and is situated in the North Eastern part of Jharkhand State. The city is surrounded by Bhagalpur district of Bihar in the North & West, Sahebganj & Pakur district in the East and Dumka district in the South. The Latitude & Longitude position is of 24.83°N 87.22°E and the city is about 87 m (285 ft) above sea level. Out of the 2110.40 Sq. Kms geographical area cultivable land is nearly 131140 Hectares and the rest of the 37172.92 Hectares is covered with forests. The climate like the rest of Indian Sub-continent is divided into 3 main seasons’ summers, monsoon & winters. The average maximum temperature in summers is 41° C and average minimum temperature is 28° C. During winters the average maximum temperature is 28° and average minimum temperature is 13° C. The Godda City receives an average rainfall of 1094.9 mm during the rainy season. The best time to visit Godda is thus from July to April when the weather is appropriate for having a comfortable trip.

Rivers and Topography of Godda

The main rivers flowing through Godda district are Sunder, Kajhia, Harna, Tribeni, Doi, Geruwa, Kauwa and Gumani which are not perennial in nature and dry up at the end of rainy season. A mixed topography exists in the region with hills, hillocks and plain regions present across the region. The major hilly areas being the some parts of the Boarijore & Sunderpahari blocks which are located amongst the Rajmahal hills.

Art and Culture of Godda

Godda is a small town where the people are simple, kind-hearted, and hard-working folks engaged in earning their daily bread. The people strongly believe in their age-old customs, traditions & rituals and follow them with great zeal. The people of Godda celebrate all major festivals like Durga Pooja, Diwali, Id and Christmas with great enthusiasm. People of different religions & tribes live together in complete harmony here. Though Hindi is spoken majorly in the region being the official language but English, Bengali & Santali are also popular here.

Cuisine of Godda

The cuisine of Godda has a distinctive influence of the local culture and eating habits of the tribal people of the region. The daily meals include both vegetarian and non-vegetarian dishes and are cooked in a simple manner using easily available local ingredients. Restaurants & dhabbas can be found in the city serving freshly cooked delicious food which is rich in nutritional value.

Economy of Godda

The main economic & revenue generating activity of Godda is Agriculture, with more than 80% of population engaged in agricultural work. The major crops grown here are Paddy, Wheat, Rice, Moong, Gram, Green Graw, Maize, Sugarcane etc. and the most common vegetables grown are Linseed and Khesari. The farmers depend on the monsoon rains for irrigation, with many small rivers & Pahari nalas flowing in the region. Tress like Mango, Sagwan, Shisham, Sakhua, Yukeliptus, Jackfruit, Gambar Neem- Tulsi, Harrey, Bahera, Amla, Khair, etc. can be found in abundance in the forested area.

Godda Economy
Economy of Godda

Godda has an abundance of Mineral Resources like Coal, a major ECL project of Coal mines is going on in the region adding to the financial growth. These coal mines provide adequate employment opportunities to the residents of Godda city and nearby villages & towns. Small cottage industries like Bidi, Pattal plate, Masala, Silk Weaving, etc. also flourish in the nature. A large percentage of Godda district is engaged in Animal husbandary including Goat Rearing, Piggery, Poultry, Sericulture, Pisciculture, etc. In the rural areas there are a number of ponds in which fishing activity is done to generate livelihood.

Godda Tourism

A scenic town Godda City offers numerous attractions to the visitors coming here; the tourist destinations besides having religious & historical importance also has places of immense natural beauty. People coming to the city are amazed by the cultural heritage of the place which has been preserved through centuries. Godda City as any other town in India has many local markets or bazaars and weekly hats selling a variety of things. From items of daily needs, to unique handicrafts and gifts & souvenirs, one can shop for anything in the narrow lanes of markets in Godda.

Ratneswar Dham

One of the most popular tourist destinations in Godda is the Ratneswar dham which is situated in the Shivpur region. The Dham has a unique collection of Shivlings, and devotees from all parts of the world come to pay homage here and offer holy water to Lord Shiva. During the Kawaria festival during every Sawan in June devotees fetch water from Sultanganj district in Bihar and walk barefoot for about 50 kilometres to reach here. Ratneswar dham has many temples in its premises where people come to pray daily and seek the blessings of the Lord.

Yogini Maa Mandir/ Yogini Shakti Peeth

Another world famous religious place is the Yogini Maa Mandir situated near Lakhanpahari village about 2 Kms from Pathergama. As per the folklore it is said that when Lord Shiva was carrying the charred body of Goddess Sati, he started Tandava Nirtya and one of her body parts had fallen here. Magnificently located on a hilltop one has to climb nearly 400 stairs to reach the small cave where the symbolic stone impression of the body part is placed. Devotees enter this small cave to seek the blessings of the Goddess. Presently a ropeway to reach on the top of the hill is being constructed for the ease of the visitors. A bustling local market is present on both the sides of the road leading to the temple. A huge rush is seen on Tuesdays & Saturdays which are considered as the most auspicious day for worshiping the Goddess.

Sundar Dam

Recognised as the biggest irrigational project constructed on Sundar river, the dam is situated at the Godda - Pakur State Highway about 10 kilometres away from Godda. The Sundar Dam was constructed during the period 1970-78 and is 75 feet deep; presently serves as a beautiful picnic spot for the tourists coming here. Endowed with huge forest reserves which are home to a rich collection of wildlife, gushing waterfalls & abundant natural greenery. People from neighbouring places come here to have a fun-filled day and enjoy the goodness of nature.

Lalmatia Region

Situated near Mahagama and connecting Godda to Bihar State the region has many hillocks where people from neighbouring areas come to spend their holidays. It holds the merit of having the continent’s largest open cast mining belt which sulpplies coal to different parts of the world. A must visit place is the loading point from where one can see how coal is extracted from the earth using dynamites, the sound of dynamites can be heard upto 17 kilometres which adds to the adventure. Visitors need to get a gate-pass and follow guidelines to go to the loading point where blasting occurs for safety reasons.

Basantrai

Situated nearly12 Kms from Pathergama, a massive tank of about 50 acres was built during the rule of Raja Basant Rai. As per the folklore, it is believed that not a single person has been able to cross the tank from one end to another, be it by swimming or by a boat. It is said that if anyone tried to cross the tanks he will be dragged down into the watery grave. People say that during ancient times on the occasion of marriages or other religious ceremonies one can miraculously get the required utensils from the tank. After the ceremony it was mandatory to return the utensils into the tanks and if one failed to do so failing he or she will have to face great misfortune. This story is still told with much belief and the place is very sacred for Hindus with a big Mela being organised here at the beginning of Chaita Sankranti festival i.e. 14th April.

Hotels in Godda

On a visit to Godda, one can stay in a number of guest houses & hotels spread across the city, some of which include:

Hotel Kumar Rest House
Address: Main Road, Godda
Phone: 06422-223252

M/s Hotel Aman
Address: Lohia Nagar, Godda
Phone: 06422-220597

M/s Hotel Anjana
Address: Shree Ganesh Tower,Main Road,Godda
Phone: 06422-220128

Transportation in Godda

Gooda can be reached through different means of transportation. The nearest airport is the Ranchi Airport, and the nearest Railway Station is Bhagalpur; one can also reach by road by boarding buses from Motia Bus Stand Pipal Gach, located at a distance of 7.3 kms from the city. Various means o local transportation like rickshaws, tempos & cycles are a common sight here.

Godda at a Glance

State: Jharkhand
Municipal Area: 2110 km²
Languages Spoken: Hindi, English, & Santali
Altitude: 87 m (285 ft)
Pin Code: 814133
Winter Temperature: 13°C -28°C
Summer Temperature: 28°C to 41°C
Best Time to Visit: October to March
STD Code: +91 6422
Major Tourist Attractions: Yogini Shakti Peeth, Basantrai, Sundar Dam, Mullers Tank, Ratneswar Dham, Lalmatia Mines, etc.
Major Festivals: Durga Pooja, Diwali, Id, Holi, Christmas etc.


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